Washington & Northern Virginia Company
Biographies of Ancestors of
William Drummond, born in Scotland, with
some education, immigrated to Virginia
about 1637 as a servant indentured to a Theodore Moyes, who traded him to a very
abusive master.In time Drummond
planned with a group of others in the same situation to escape, but was caught
and with his fellows was tried in the Quarter court and sentenced to an
additional term of service and a public lashing.
Upon completion of his term of indentured service he became a planter and
over time acquired land leasing some from, among others, Governor William
Berkeley. During the ensuing decade he served as sheriff, bailiff, and
sergeant-at-arms.He acquired land
in North Carolina and his
daughter married a member of the Council in Virginia, Samuel Swan.
In September 1663 Virginia’s
Governor Berkeley, who was also one of the eight proprietors of the Carolina grant and the
only one in the New World, received guidance
from the others to set up a government in the Albemarle area.In 1665 he published documents to manage the colony and appointed William
Drummond as the first governor of the proprietary.The nomination, which had gone to
London, returned as a signed commission in January 1665.Because he owned land in North Carolina and had excellent partners,
commercial connections, and extensive credit, he was an impressive individual
for the job.
Before very much time had passed there was evidence of a clash between
Drummond and Berkeley.In 1666
Drummond filed a lawsuit against
which was heard in the Grand Assembly and finally dismissed when the body ruled
that it did not have the jurisdiction over the case.It was enough to cause Berkeley to drop Drummond as governor of the
returned to Albemarle
to his house on the Governor’s land and continued to rent from Berkeley.
Early in the 1670’s Drummond took on a project to refurbish the fort at Jamestown to meet very
specific goals and schedules.Not
completed when the Third Anglo-Dutch War took place, it was reported that the
work to date was very poor in so far as it had been done.At a meeting in April 1673 the council reprimanded Drummond and demanded
that he complete the work as contracted.A year later the council realized that he was still doing an inadequate
job and ordered him to do over that which he had performed.Drummond blamed Berkeley for all of this,
and it was the final disappointment in the record to explain Drummond’s
disaffection during Bacon’s Rebellion when he joined Bacon to become one of his
principal lieutenants and eventually to fight against the Governor.
Captured after Bacon’s death from fever and the subsequent disintegration
of the rebel cause, Drummond was swiftly brought before Berkeley, remanded for trial at Middle
Plantation eight miles away to which he was forced to march, tried at hours of the next day and
that same afternoon.
William Berkeley and the Forging of Colonial
Warren M. Billings;
Baton Rouge, LA, 2004.
“The National Cyclopedia of American Biography”
James T. White & Co., New YorkNY;
1909, Vol. X, p.395